The Future Fuels Cooperate Research Centre (CRC) has identified key points for clean hydrogen plans:
» The drive to reduce carbon emissions has led to considerable interest in rapidly deploying hydrogen technologies over the next several decades.
» This could give rise to export opportunities for countries with a comparative advantage in producing hydrogen. » There is uncertainty about how quickly costs will drop and efficiencies improve for hydrogen and competing technologies.
» Only a few countries are focusing on producing hydrogen, while many are focusing on using hydrogen.
» The core focus of new strategies should reflect the broader international environment, address barriers, and build on comparative advantages.
» The timing and scale of activities should reflect the transition to hydrogen and how it can be practically achieved.
» Access to low-cost and low-emissions electricity is likely to be critical to hydrogen export trade in the medium term, along with the availability of carbon capture and storage.
» International producers and users of hydrogen will need to collaborate on standards, technology and hydrogen certification.